Cloud Computing Virtual Conference – CCX II/22
AIoT is the future of the cloud
providers on the matter
The virtual CCX 2022 Cloud Computing Conference will take place on May 4. It will open with a keynote speech by the Managing Director, Co-CEO & CTO of Bosch.IO GmbH Dr. Andrew Nauerz. It will cover the basics of cloud and edge computing and go into detail about current and upcoming trends. The whole thing is illustrated by use cases and potential uses at the Bosch Group, with AIoT playing a central role.
When Lydia Wagemann and Jannika Bolay from the Vogel IT Academy welcomed visitors to the “Cloud Computing Virtual Conference – CCX II/22” on May 4th at 9:00 a.m., the first keynote address followed: Dr. Andreas Nauerz, CEO, Co-CEO & CTO of Bosch.IO GmbH, explores the question “Cloud quo vadis?” and introduces the basics, features and rising stars of cloud computing.
“With ‘Rising Stars’ I would like to refer less to specific solution providers and more to general developments,” Nauerz told cloud computing insiders. “Because in general, the development of cloud ecosystems themselves – in various areas, from computing and storage to artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), distributed ledger technology (DLT)/blockchain, quantum, etc. all a rising star. This development enables complex solutions to be implemented quickly and without financial risks, which can later be scaled up.”
(Image: Vogel IT Academy)
In his keynote, Nauerz will however highlight some solutions such as serverless computing, “because as a computing solution it allows for its own scaling and, last but not least, a completely different payment model.” Another new technology that is very noticeable is edge computing: “Also due to developments like 5G, which reduces latency, we are currently seeing a strong shift towards the edge, that is, where the data is created. It’s like an extension of the cloud. The reason for this development lies in the data explosion caused by more and more networked devices. It often pushes purely cloud-based approaches to their technical limits.”
Besides, transferring data to the cloud for processing there increases both latency and transfer costs. “If we rely on cloud processing, we also need to guarantee 100% uptime. In addition, sensitive data also leaves our company. This is a challenge. Among other things, edge computing can be used to keep latency low and save transport costs. One hundred percent uptime is no longer necessary due to cloud independence. Sensitive data can thus be filtered and processed locally.”
Risks and challenges of cloud use
However, Nauerz identifies the notorious lock-in as the biggest challenge in cloud computing, “technically, but also geopolitically.” The CEO is also concerned about the risks of accessing business-critical data: “Therefore, despite the associated costs, the multi- or hybrid cloud remains an issue to which GAIA-X is trying to provide an answer.” Nauerz also sees comparatively new risks, for example in relation to sustainability. He fears increased environmental pollution from a growing number of provider data centers.
The CTO pays particular attention to “AIoT” scenarios in which artificial intelligence is interwoven into the IoT. “Training AI models is expensive, a lot of IP is involved. There are increasing attempts to steal these models through “model theft attacks”. However, there is another challenge to be overcome in relation to artificial intelligence, namely the predictability of the behavior of AI models: “Right now a lot has been done in investing in the area of ’Explainable AI,'” says Nauerz. And finally, there are still many “ethical questions” that need to be clarified on the topic of artificial intelligence, for example when it comes to “deepfakes”, which are often below the belt or even criminal or dangerous.
Cloud and AI use cases at Bosch
Artificial intelligence is a central topic for Nauerz, as he leads a global and interdisciplinary organization of experts driving the Bosch Group’s AIoT strategy: “The large number of ever-increasing AI services is leading to a democratization of access.” Process development and implementation: We use cloud technologies “across the board”, for example in areas such as automotive or manufacturing or factory scenarios. Our focus is on what is known as AIoT, which always requires the power of the cloud.”
What is the advantage of AIoT? “We’ve already made a large number of network-enabled devices. However, 70 percent of companies do not analyze the transmitted data. In total, 99 percent of them remain completely useless,” says Nauerz. “The desired added value generation can be described by the so-called ‘AIoT cycle’: Simply connecting a device to a backend initially only increases costs. Storing the transmitted data raises additional costs – in this case for storage. Only when we handle all the data, i.e. analyze it and gain knowledge from it, do we have something of it. An example is the use of our products by customers. If we understand them better and then can improve them, then added value is created.”
Striking examples of this can also be found in the automotive sector, where AIoT makes road traffic safer: “Our vehicles are equipped with cameras to constantly scan the environment. We send this video data to the cloud. There, they are analyzed by an artificial intelligence to recognize lanes or road signs, for example, and to be able to predict the likely behavior of other road users. The more video data we receive and analyze, the smarter our AI becomes, which can then provide the driver with the right information.”
There are details in the keynote
These exciting scenarios are only briefly mentioned here. They are described in detail by Nauerz in his keynote address. By the way: Before moving to corporate research at Bosch in 2019, he worked as a program manager (OM) & senior technical staff member (STSM) for IBM’s cloud division. Therefore, his observations are based on many years of experience and come from specialized sources.
In this regard: Be sure to call the “Cloud Computing Virtual Conference – CCX II/22” on May 4 at 9:10 at the latest and listen to the keynote speech by Dr. Andreas Nauerz, Managing Director, Co-CEO & CTO of Bosch.IO GmbH, on “Cloud quo vadis?”